Dental Radiographs are commonly called x-rays. Dentists use radiographs for many reasons: to find hidden dental structures, malignant or benign masses, bone loss, and cavities.
There are two main types of dental X-ray items
: intraoral (meaning the X-ray film is inside the mouth) and extraoral (meaning the X-ray film is outside the mouth).
Intraoral X-rays are the most common type of X-ray taken. You've probably had many sets of these X-rays taken in your life already. These X-rays provide a lot of detail and allow your dentist to find caries, check the health of the tooth root and bone
surrounding the tooth, check the status of developing teeth, and monitor the general health of your teeth and jawbone.
Extraoral X-rays show teeth, but their main focus is the jaw and skull. These X-rays do not provide the detail found with intraoral X-rays and therefore are not used for detecting caries or for identifying problems with individual teeth. Instead, extraoral
X-rays are used to look for impacted teeth, monitor growth and development of the jaws in relation to the teeth, and to identify potential problems between teeth and jaw and the temporomandibular joint or other bones of the face.
Dental X-rays are important for diagnosing and treating patients by helping to detect oral health issues when they can’t be detected by visual or physical examination alone. Dental X-rays take a much closer look and provide valuable information
about cavities, gum diseases, bones and ligaments associated with the jaw, infections, and tumors. The frequency of X-rays depends on the patient’s overall oral health, age and risk for the disease and is best determined by the dentist.
Since the X-ray machines are so important for both dentist and patient that it should be taken more care when we are choosing them.
The X-ray film appropriate for a particular radiography-imaging requirement is governed by various factors. Usually the composition, location, shape, size and weight of the part to be examined are taken into account while selecting an X-ray film. To obtain the maximum detail of a specific part of the body, X-films that are coated with the emulsion only on one side are used for imaging. Films with thin emulsion can be processed in a short time. Hence, they help in quick diagnosis. Fine-grained slower films are ideally suited for obtaining high-resolution images. The type of this dental equipment
used in the imaging process plays a key role in selecting a suitable x-ray film.
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