Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease. People routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and interdental cleaning, and dental hygienists can remove hardened deposits (tartar) not removed by routine cleaning. Those with dentures and natural teeth may supplement their cleaning with a denture cleaner.
Dentists oftentimes use different dental instruments
and methods to clean and repair one's teeth depending on which dental school the professional trained at. One common fixture is a periodontal scaler that removes food stain, tartar and plaque from the surface of the tooth. A dental pick that helps the dentist clear out obstructions formed between the teeth is also used. A polisher is a rotating mandrel that smooths the tooth without harming gingiva (gums) and mucous membranes in the mouth.
Dental mirrors reflect the images within at an angle so the dentist can inspect for cavities in the teeth or infection around the gumline.
Once you are comfortably seated in the dentist's chair and wearing a bib, the dental hygienist places a curved ultrasonic scaler
into your mouth. This device sprays a fine mist of cool water to keep your mouth moist and the curved end of the device pulsates, knocking the plaque off of your teeth. The time frame for this procedure depends on the amount of plaque present on your teeth.
The dental hygienist then polishes your teeth with a device that looks like an electric toothbrush, except the tip is made of rubber and has a hollow middle. A gritty paste is scooped into the middle and the device rotates rapidly, applying the paste to your teeth individually. The gritty paste evens out the tooth's surface and makes them shine.
Debridement is only necessary if there is an extreme case of tartar since this process requires ultrasonic instruments to weaken the build-up; then removal by a periodontal scaler and curettes is washed away with chemicals like hydrogen peroxide. Routine checkups with the dentist ensure the return of these dental ailments do not ruin a person's smile.
Dental disease is one of the most common human ailments. Toothache is also one of the most agonizing pains that you may experience if you are negligent in dental care. Gingivitis, the initial sign of gum disease, is easily treatable. Left untreated it can develop into a more serious condition. You can prevent that with proper teeth cleaning.
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