Teeth cleaning is part of oral hygiene and involves the removal of dental plaque from teeth with the intention of preventing cavities (dental caries), gingivitis, and periodontal disease. People routinely clean their own teeth by brushing and interdental cleaning, and dental hygienists can remove hardened deposits (tartar) not removed by routine cleaning. Those with dentures and natural teeth may supplement their cleaning with a denture cleaner.
Professional dental cleanings are the best way to prevent or prolong gum disease and other health conditions associated with the gums and teeth. Dentists have the professional dental instruments they need to remove plaque and tartar buildup on the teeth that a normal toothbrush cannot. It's recommended that adults with healthy teeth visit their dentist at least once a year or at the very most every two years for a professional teeth cleaning. Dentists may recommend appointments more often depending on the individual. Dentists will let patients know how often to be in for a professional cleaning.
The ultrasonic vibration tool is used to break the tartar, or solidified calcium deposits from saliva, into smaller pieces for easier removal. While the vibration jars it loose, a steady mist of water is used to wash the tartar away and keep the surface of the tooth from overheating.
Once the tartar and plaque have been loosened, small hand tools are then used to scrape the tartar buildup off of the teeth, which will help to smooth the surface of the teeth so that they can then be polished. Fine hand tools include mouth mirrors, which help the dentist see virtually anywhere inside the mouth. Various scrapers of different sizes and angles are also used to reach different teeth and areas of the mouth in order to free teeth of plaque and tartar buildup.
After the plaque and tartar have been scraped off, the dentist will use an air polisher. The polisher is dipped into a gritty paste which is then massaged onto the teeth, making them more smooth and polished. Keeping the teeth smooth helps to prevent the plaque from sticking to them in between professional teeth cleanings.
After polishing the teeth, dental floss is used to ensure all deposits are removed from between the teeth as well.
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